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Well, having read a little story about Majapahit, you must be curious about the archeological sites of Majapahit. First of all I want to show you the map of Archeological sites of Majapahit in Trowulan.

OK, our first trip is Candi Wringin Lawang. Why should it be the first???? Because some people believe that Candi Wringin Lawang was the gate to the complex of Majapahit Kingdom.
Candi Wringin Lawang is located in Dukuh Wringin Lawang, Desa Jati Pasar, Trowulan, Mojokerto. It is called Wringin Lawang because there was a big tree called Beringin or Wringin (Javanese language) near the temple. And Lawang which is mean door.

Wringin Lawang’s shape is divided gate without roof (Bentar Temple). Bentar temple usually is used as the main gate from a certain complex. So that’s why some people believe that Wringin Lawang Temple was the main gate to the complex of Majapahit Kingdom.

Wringin Lawang have had many restorations which was executed from 1991 - 1995. This gate was built from brick. The foundation of this gate is square with its size 13 x 11.50 m. Before restoration, the north gate was still stand upright with 15.50 m high and the south gate only left about 9 m high. The space between these two gates is wide enough. There is nothing special in its wall such as relief.

Now after many restorations, Wringin Lawang stands upright. We can enjoy and admire the archaeological remains of Majapahit which was the biggest Kingdom in Indonesia.

Having interest to see it directly????, just come to Trowulan Mojokerto
See You

As we know that in the past, Indonesia contained of many kingdoms. Those Kingdoms in Indonesia were Kutai, Taruma Negara, Kalingga, Mataram Hindhu, Medang, Kahuripan, Kediri, Singasari, Majapahit, Pajajaran, Demak, Pajang, Mataram, and Banten. And from all of those Kingdoms, that is Majapahit which is the biggest Kingdom in Indonesia. Majapahit Kingdom existed at 1290 – 1500 and located at Trowulan Mojokerto. Realizing that I live nearby the former site of Majapahit, it will be very interesting if we know deeper about Majapahit.

The existing of Majapahit began when Singhasari Kingdom was shettered by Kediri, Kertanegara (The King of Singhasari) was murdered by Jayakatwang from Kediri. The biggest mistake of Jayakatwang was not to kill Raden Wijaya (son in law of Kertanegara). Moreover, He gives a land called Tarik for Raden Wijaya. Sooner, Tarik was built and called Majapahit. This name was taken from maja fruit which tasted bitter (pahit-Indonesia). After that, Raden Wijaya tried to get support from Mongol to take vengeance to Jayakatwang. Jayakatwang was murdered by Raden Wijaya. Later, Raden Wijaya was appointed as a King of Mojopahit which called Kertarajasa Jayawardhana.

The statue in the left side is Kertarajasa Jayawardhana which was believed as the reflection of Siwa and Wisnu. In the beginning of Kertarajasa Jayawardhana’s rule, Majapahit faced many revolts, such as the revolt of Ranggalawe, Sora, Nambi, and Kuti. But it could solve well when Hallayudha was murdered. Sooner, Raden Wijaya or Kertarajasa Jayawardhana died on 1309.
The rule of Majapahit was continued by Jayanegara, the son of Raden Wijaya. But he was an amoral king. Later he murdered by his physician, Tanca. After Jayanegara died, the rule of Majapahit was taken by Tribhuana Tunggadewi. Under Tribhuana’s rule, Majapahit become bigger. Tribhuana’s rule then continued by Hayam Wuruk, her son.

Majapahit experienced its ‘golden age’ under its last great ruler Hayam Wuruk (1350–1389) with his chief minister, Gajah Mada whose reign is extolled in an epic poem, Nagarakertagama (1365). This poem claimed an empire for Majapahit covering much of peninsular Malaya, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi (Celebes), Bali, and other islands, though its control in the more far-flung areas must have been weak. 

After reached its ‘golden age’ in the 14th century, the authority of Majapahit becomes weaker. Moreover in the 1405-1406 there was a battle called Perang Paregreg between Wirabhumi and Wikramawardhana which were brothers. In addition, there was influence of Islam which replaced Hindhu. And the last remnants of Majapahit's authority had been extinguished and many of its royal family had fled to Bali.

That's a little about Majapahit.  
After this let's just have a trip with me around archeological sites of Majapahit in Trowulan Mojokerto in the next post.
see ya!

I believe that lots of you have read Harry Potter and I’m sure that you must have known Dementor. But if you don’t know, let me tell you.
"Dementors are among the foulest creatures that walk this earth. They infest the darkest, filthiest places, they glory in decay and despair, they drain peace, hope, and happiness out of the air around them... Get too near a Dementor and every good feeling, every happy memory will be sucked out of you. If it can, the Dementor will feed on you long enough to reduce you to something like itself...soul-less and evil. You will be left with nothing but the worst experiences of your life." 
—Remus Lupin to Harry Potter

So a Dementor is a Dark creature, considered one of the foulest that inhabit the world. Dementors feed off human happiness, and thus cause depression and despair to any who are in close proximity to them.
To defend against dementor, the only way is by spelling Patronus charm.

"A Patronus is a kind of positive force, and for the wizard who can conjure one, it works something like a shield, with the Dementor feeding on it, rather than him. In order for it to work, you need to think of a memory. Not just any memory, a very happy memory, a very powerful memory… Allow it to fill you up…lose yourself in it…then speak the incantation ‘Expecto Patronum’." 
—Remus Lupin teaching Harry Potter the Patronus Charm

Patronus Charm spell is one way to defend against Dementors and certain other Dark creatures. The spell requires the use of a wand, concentration on a powerfully happy memory, and the incantation "Expecto Patronum".

Sadness againts by happy memories.  It is a great concept, isn’t it?

Well, actually these last few days I feel that so many dementors around me. It means, my mind was full of negative thinking which make desperate, feeling down, and so on. I want to kick them out of my mind, so I need the Patronus charm. Eventhough I don’t have any magic wand, at least I have some happy memories in my mind.

So here are my Patronus Charms.

1. Remembering when the first time I knew him. Spending our time just for sending SMS. Inviting him to come at Magetan, meeting him for the first time at Magetan, spending time together at Sarangan, first sensation missing him when he went home and leaving me alone at Magetan.
2. Remembering when at last having relationship with him. Sitting together at alun2 Mojokerto, drinking coffee together, talking, and finally accepting him as a part of my life.
3. Going together with him, spending our time together, just walking around at UNESA, watching movie, having breakfast, lunch, or even dinner, holding hand each other, sharing with him, listening him singing for me and so on.
4. Remembering when he proposed me. Making me sure that he will marry me as soon as possible.
5. The smiling of my students when they meet me every Saturday. Talking with them, making them calm down, trying to be the best for them and so on
6. Teddy bear from my students.
7. Writing RPP (Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran) and knowing that it have done well.
8. Making media.
9. Making reward such as sticker.
10. Being together with my students.
11. Having the most patient mother.
12. Having a lot of love from my family.
13. Being together with all of my friends. Novi, Breta, Breta’s Husband, Cula, Echa, Echi, Rida, Kiki, Mbak Depe, Mbak Reni, Wachidun, Dewi, A-1 class, IPS2 class, friends in the kostBunga Icha, Uut, Kiki, and others. Having a lot of memories with them makes me never feel alone.
14. Remembering Dave and Calvin, my first student. Remembering our time together, the smiling of them, and all of memories with them.
15. And the biggest patronus in my life, remembering about Allah, knowing Allah will always beside me to protect me, help me, and never leave me alone.

At least I realize that in my life I ever feel happy, not forever in sadness. Life is a kind of turning wheel, sometimes at the top and sometimes at the bottom. By remembering all of those happy memories I hope I can past the hardest thing in my life.

Although without a magic wand, I will shout Expecto Patronum loudly in my heart.
Never surrender. 

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